Tuesday, September 20th, 2016 | Author:

Civil Litigation – Common Law versus Statutory Law


Tom Ajava

If there is one area that confuses people more when it comes to the law, it is the differentiation between common law and statutory law as applied to civil litigation and, really, the legal world as a whole. In this article, we take a stab and explaining the difference in a manner that is actually understandable.

The first place to start is with a definition of each. Ironically, it is also the easiest way to understand the differences. Common law is a collection of legal precedents that are decided by a court. Statutory law is a collection of hard and fast laws that are created by a legislative body and signed into law by an executive branch. A couple of examples can help explain each.

YouTube Preview Image

Lets say I sign a contract with another party to deliver me a certain number of products at a certain price. We get into a dispute. I sue to enforce the agreement. I am in California, the other party is in Arizona, the products are actually made in China and they are stored in a dock warehouse in Seattle, Washington. Where should the litigation be filed? The issue involves a question of jurisdiction. Im not going to get into the answer, but the ultimate decision will be based on how courts have interpreted multi-state issues through the years. This case will be interpreted using previous published opinions so that there is consistency in the law. This is common law in a nutshell.

Lets consider a statutory law example. Medical malpractice is a leading personal injury claim. Doctors are complaining about the cost of malpractice insurance, arguing that it is making it nearly impossible to practice medicine. The legislature agrees and passes a law that states any judgment in a medical malpractice case will be capped at a maximum of $750,000. When signed by an executive branch leader [Governor or President], this becomes statutory law and the courts must follow it.

Both types of law are susceptible to review by appellate courts and, eventually, state Supreme Courts or the Federal Supreme Court. If said courts find the laws unconstitutional, they will invalidate them. Of the two, statutory law is successfully challenged the most.

Thomas Ajava is with


– your online resource for finding a Minneapolis wrongful death attorney to handle your case.

Article Source:

Civil Litigation – Common Law versus Statutory Law

Tuesday, September 20th, 2016 | Author:
This category mentions the Wikimedia Foundation, one of its projects, or people related to it. Wikinews is a project of the Wikimedia Foundation.

This is the category for Mike Godwin, a US lawyer whose former employers include the Electronic Frontier Foundation and the Wikimedia Foundation.

Refresh this list to see the latest articles.

  • 20 October 2010: Wikimedia Foundation announces departure of general counsel Mike Godwin
  • 3 August 2010: FBI asks Wikimedia Foundation to remove seal from websites, Wikimedia declines
  • 12 December 2008: German internet watchdog to remove URLs to ‘Virgin Killer’ from search engines
  • 8 December 2008: Wikimedia, IWF respond to block of Wikipedia over child pornography allegations
  • 7 December 2008: British ISPs restrict access to Wikipedia amid child pornography allegations
  • 25 August 2008: Wikinews investigates claim McCain plagiarized speech from Wikipedia
  • 1 July 2008: Libel case against Wikimedia Foundation dismissed
  • 15 May 2008: University hosting panel continues discussion on Wikipedia ethics without Wikimedia
  • 13 May 2008: Wikimedia Foundation receives copyright infringement claim from Mormon Church
  • 14 December 2007: Former Chief Operating Officer of Wikimedia Foundation is convicted felon

From Wikinews, the free news source you can write.

Mike Godwin in 2008.Image: Lane Hartwell.

Sister projects
  • Commons
  • Wikidata
  • Wikipedia
  • Wikiquote
  • Wikisource

Pages in category “Mike Godwin”

Category: Uncategorized  | Leave a Comment
Tuesday, September 20th, 2016 | Author:

Wednesday, October 12, 2005

The Thai Prime Minister, Thaksin Shinawatra, has filed criminal and civil suits against Manager Media Group plc, the publisher of a Thai-language daily newspaper, Phujadkarn (Manager). At issue is the publishing of a sermon by the well-respected Buddhist monk Luangta Maha Bua that compared the Thai Prime minister to Phra Devadhat, the Thai Buddhist equivalent of the devil.

Mr Sinawatra’s lawyer, Noppadol Meewanna, filed the two lawsuits on the Prime Minister’s behalf, citing the newspaper, manager Saowalak Theeranuchanyon, and editor Khunthong Loseriwanit as defendants. This civil suit demands 500 million baht (approx. 12 million US dollars or 10 million euros). The associated criminal case seeks to have charges of libel brought against the defendants. The complaint argues that the defendants should have edited the sermon text to remove potentially libellous sections.

Deputy Prime Minister, Wissanu Krean-gam, stated that there was no active policy of persecuting the media and that Mr Sinawatra was acting in a personal capacity in bringing these cases.

The criminal case is due to be reviewed on November 18, when it will be decided if there are grounds for taking it to trial. If the court finds against the defendants they face a maximum penalty of up to two years in prison and up to 200,000 baht (approx. 5,000 US dollars or 4,000 euros) in fines.

Category: Uncategorized  | Leave a Comment
Tuesday, September 20th, 2016 | Author:

Sunday, November 17, 2013

On Thursday, the Allahabad High Court in India published a key judgment relating to the the Public Interest Litigation (PIL) suit filed by the Kautilya Society, an Indian public interest organization, that accuses the State of Uttar Pradesh of negligence in protecting the heritage of the historic city of Varanasi. The dispute is increasingly polarising public opinion.

In the Court hearing of 8th November, the Varanasi Development Authority was supposed to explain why it compounded the four-floor new construction section in the rear portion of the historic Darbhanga Palace in Munshi Ghat, in spite of a law specifically prohibiting construction within 200 metres from the river Ganges.

The agenda was changed when the lawyer of Darbhanga Palace owners, the Aggarwal family, requested the Court to completely dismiss the PIL on the ground that the Varanasi administration had lodged two FIRs (i.e. criminal reports) against the Kautilya Society.

Vrinda Dar, in her role of Society Secretary, claimed that the FIRs had no connection with facts but are falsities for misinforming the public of Varanasi. She asked the Court to order an independent investigation on the allegations, so that she may receive protection from what she calls an “institutional harassment”.

Category: Uncategorized  | Leave a Comment
Monday, September 12th, 2016 | Author:

By Sarrah Beaumont

When brides are bent on recreating a period for their wedding theme, they forget that their bridesmaids suffer the brunt of their daydreaming. The poor bridesmaids end up wearing ridiculous, hideous, and itchy gowns or frocks. But why do some bridesmaids dresses make it to the horror list?

Brides, Please Get Real!

When brides plan a space or gold-themed wedding, expect the bridesmaids to mentally cringe at the idea of wearing gold spacesuits for their bridesmaids dresses. It’s mission impossible to dissuade the bride to change her mind, and it is only years after when the bride, on a nostalgic trip back to the wedding, realizes what a bomber she made with her bridesmaids.

If that is not enough, brides demand that her closest friends sign a covenant that from the time they were outfitted for the bridesmaids frocks, they won’t gain an inch, or they will spend for the alteration or modification of the bridesmaid gown before the wedding. Really, it is absurd to let your best friends go through the wringer when they are just being jolly bridesmaids!

Brides should be aware of the feelings of their bridesmaids, as the latter are not props for a wedding. Like the bride, they should also look their best to reflect the impeccable taste of the bride when choosing those bridesmaids dresses.

The Horror Roll

All brides want their weddings to be perfect, but some weddings become gross with bridesmaids strutting in dresses with puff sleeves, table cloth prints, lumpy shapes, lousy colors, slutty, doily look, and lousy vintage.

YouTube Preview Image

Wearing horrific colors that would be best worn in sleazy boudoirs, gowns adorned with ribbons from shoulders to the hems, dresses that are itchy and stiff, and gowns perfect for Christmas trees skirts are top candidates for the horror roll.

If you’re getting married and planning your wedding motif, talk to your bridesmaids and listen to their suggestions and make them as beautiful as you are on your wedding day. You’ll earn everybody’s admiration.

The fashion faux pas fall on the shoulders of the bridesmaid who have to brave the reputation of walking disasters. They have to brave the metallic fuchsia gowns and overdone

Gone with the Wind

southern belle gowns. Everything that is bright, large, and tacky goes to the horror roll.

Avoiding the Horrific Award

To avoid the trap of falling on the worst bridesmaids dresses awards, go over the current wedding fashion catalogues. Or, you can go online and look at classic bridesmaids dresses, or those gowns showing the successful fusion of the modern and the classic.

Brides, heed these tips:

* Shop for the bridesmaids gowns months before the wedding to choose design, color, fabric, and accessories.

* Shop with your bridesmaids.

* Don’t let the bridesmaids wear identical gowns, as figures are not uniform. What would be flattering on one might look like the mining disaster on another.

* Choose accessories to flatter, not compete with or drown the gowns.

* The simpler the cut and the closer the design to the traditional look, the safer your choices.

When you look over the bridesmaid dresses on the racks, let each bridesmaid fit the gown and choose the gowns they like best. Modifications or alterations can be done on the dresses to recreate a specific wedding motif or theme with everybody adoring their gowns, thanks to you.

About the Author:

Bridesmaids dresses

are equally important as

bridal gowns

or the

wedding dress

. Visit BestforBride.com for the best gowns for weddings and other big events.



Permanent Link:


Category: Fashion  | Leave a Comment
Monday, September 12th, 2016 | Author:

Friday, July 29, 2011

Today sees the reopening of the National Museum of Scotland following a three-year renovation costing £47.4 million (US$ 77.3 million). Edinburgh’s Chambers Street was closed to traffic for the morning, with the 10am reopening by eleven-year-old Bryony Hare, who took her first steps in the museum, and won a competition organised by the local Evening News paper to be a VIP guest at the event. Prior to the opening, Wikinews toured the renovated museum, viewing the new galleries, and some of the 8,000 objects inside.

  • 1
  • 2
  • 3
  • 4
  • 5
  • 6
  • 7
  • 8
  • 9
  • 10
  • 11
  • 12

Dressed in Victorian attire, Scottish broadcaster Grant Stott acted as master of ceremonies over festivities starting shortly after 9am. The packed street cheered an animatronic Tyrannosaurus Rex created by Millenium FX; onlookers were entertained with a twenty-minute performance by the Mugenkyo Taiko Drummers on the steps of the museum; then, following Bryony Hare knocking three times on the original doors to ask that the museum be opened, the ceremony was heralded with a specially composed fanfare – played on a replica of the museum’s 2,000-year-old carnyx Celtic war-horn. During the fanfare, two abseilers unfurled white pennons down either side of the original entrance.

The completion of the opening to the public was marked with Chinese firecrackers, and fireworks, being set off on the museum roof. As the public crowded into the museum, the Mugenkyo Taiko Drummers resumed their performance; a street theatre group mingled with the large crowd, and the animatronic Tyrannosaurus Rex entertained the thinning crowd of onlookers in the centre of the street.

On Wednesday, the museum welcomed the world’s press for an in depth preview of the new visitor experience. Wikinews was represented by Brian McNeil, who is also Wikimedia UK’s interim liaison with Museum Galleries Scotland.

The new pavement-level Entrance Hall saw journalists mingle with curators. The director, Gordon Rintoul, introduced presentations by Gareth Hoskins and Ralph Applebaum, respective heads of the Architects and Building Design Team; and, the designers responsible for the rejuvenation of the museum.

Describing himself as a “local lad”, Hoskins reminisced about his grandfather regularly bringing him to the museum, and pushing all the buttons on the numerous interactive exhibits throughout the museum. Describing the nearly 150-year-old museum as having become “a little tired”, and a place “only visited on a rainy day”, he commented that many international visitors to Edinburgh did not realise that the building was a public space; explaining the focus was to improve access to the museum – hence the opening of street-level access – and, to “transform the complex”, focus on “opening up the building”, and “creating a number of new spaces […] that would improve facilities and really make this an experience for 21st century museum visitors”.

Hoskins explained that a “rabbit warren” of storage spaces were cleared out to provide street-level access to the museum; the floor in this “crypt-like” space being lowered by 1.5 metres to achieve this goal. Then Hoskins handed over to Applebaum, who expressed his delight to be present at the reopening.

Applebaum commented that one of his first encounters with the museum was seeing “struggling young mothers with two kids in strollers making their way up the steps”, expressing his pleasure at this being made a thing of the past. Applebaum explained that the Victorian age saw the opening of museums for public access, with the National Museum’s earlier incarnation being the “College Museum” – a “first window into this museum’s collection”.

Have you any photos of the museum, or its exhibits?

The museum itself is physically connected to the University of Edinburgh’s old college via a bridge which allowed students to move between the two buildings.

Applebaum explained that the museum will, now redeveloped, be used as a social space, with gatherings held in the Grand Gallery, “turning the museum into a social convening space mixed with knowledge”. Continuing, he praised the collections, saying they are “cultural assets [… Scotland is] turning those into real cultural capital”, and the museum is, and museums in general are, providing a sense of “social pride”.

McNeil joined the yellow group on a guided tour round the museum with one of the staff. Climbing the stairs at the rear of the Entrance Hall, the foot of the Window on the World exhibit, the group gained a first chance to see the restored Grand Gallery. This space is flooded with light from the glass ceiling three floors above, supported by 40 cast-iron columns. As may disappoint some visitors, the fish ponds have been removed; these were not an original feature, but originally installed in the 1960s – supposedly to humidify the museum; and failing in this regard. But, several curators joked that they attracted attention as “the only thing that moved” in the museum.

The museum’s original architect was Captain Francis Fowke, also responsible for the design of London’s Royal Albert Hall; his design for the then-Industrial Museum apparently inspired by Joseph Paxton’s Crystal Palace.

The group moved from the Grand Gallery into the Discoveries Gallery to the south side of the museum. The old red staircase is gone, and the Millennium Clock stands to the right of a newly-installed escalator, giving easier access to the upper galleries than the original staircases at each end of the Grand Gallery. Two glass elevators have also been installed, flanking the opening into the Discoveries Gallery and, providing disabled access from top-to-bottom of the museum.

The National Museum of Scotland’s origins can be traced back to 1780 when the 11th Earl of Buchan, David Stuart Erskine, formed the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland; the Society being tasked with the collection and preservation of archaeological artefacts for Scotland. In 1858, control of this was passed to the government of the day and the National Museum of Antiquities of Scotland came into being. Items in the collection at that time were housed at various locations around the city.

On Wednesday, October 28, 1861, during a royal visit to Edinburgh by Queen Victoria, Prince-Consort Albert laid the foundation-stone for what was then intended to be the Industrial Museum. Nearly five years later, it was the second son of Victoria and Albert, Prince Alfred, the then-Duke of Edinburgh, who opened the building which was then known as the Scottish Museum of Science and Art. A full-page feature, published in the following Monday’s issue of The Scotsman covered the history leading up to the opening of the museum, those who had championed its establishment, the building of the collection which it was to house, and Edinburgh University’s donation of their Natural History collection to augment the exhibits put on public display.

  • 1
  • 2
  • 3

Selection of views of the Grand GalleryImage: Brian McNeil.

Selection of views of the Grand GalleryImage: Brian McNeil.

Selection of views of the Grand GalleryImage: Brian McNeil.

Closed for a little over three years, today’s reopening of the museum is seen as the “centrepiece” of National Museums Scotland’s fifteen-year plan to dramatically improve accessibility and better present their collections. Sir Andrew Grossard, chair of the Board of Trustees, said: “The reopening of the National Museum of Scotland, on time and within budget is a tremendous achievement […] Our collections tell great stories about the world, how Scots saw that world, and the disproportionate impact they had upon it. The intellectual and collecting impact of the Scottish diaspora has been profound. It is an inspiring story which has captured the imagination of our many supporters who have helped us achieve our aspirations and to whom we are profoundly grateful.

The extensive work, carried out with a view to expand publicly accessible space and display more of the museums collections, carried a £47.4 million pricetag. This was jointly funded with £16 million from the Scottish Government, and £17.8 million from the Heritage Lottery Fund. Further funds towards the work came from private sources and totalled £13.6 million. Subsequent development, as part of the longer-term £70 million “Masterplan”, is expected to be completed by 2020 and see an additional eleven galleries opened.

The funding by the Scottish Government can be seen as a ‘canny‘ investment; a report commissioned by National Museums Scotland, and produced by consultancy firm Biggar Economics, suggest the work carried out could be worth £58.1 million per year, compared with an estimated value to the economy of £48.8 prior to the 2008 closure. Visitor figures are expected to rise by over 20%; use of function facilities are predicted to increase, alongside other increases in local hospitality-sector spending.

Proudly commenting on the Scottish Government’s involvement Fiona Hyslop, Cabinet Secretary for Culture and External Affairs, described the reopening as, “one of the nation’s cultural highlights of 2011” and says the rejuvenated museum is, “[a] must-see attraction for local and international visitors alike“. Continuing to extol the museum’s virtues, Hyslop states that it “promotes the best of Scotland and our contributions to the world.

So-far, the work carried out is estimated to have increased the public space within the museum complex by 50%. Street-level storage rooms, never before seen by the public, have been transformed into new exhibit space, and pavement-level access to the buildings provided which include a new set of visitor facilities. Architectural firm Gareth Hoskins have retained the original Grand Gallery – now the first floor of the museum – described as a “birdcage” structure and originally inspired by The Crystal Palace built in Hyde Park, London for the 1851 Great Exhibition.

The centrepiece in the Grand Gallery is the “Window on the World” exhibit, which stands around 20 metres tall and is currently one of the largest installations in any UK museum. This showcases numerous items from the museum’s collections, rising through four storeys in the centre of the museum. Alexander Hayward, the museums Keeper of Science and Technology, challenged attending journalists to imagine installing “teapots at thirty feet”.

The redeveloped museum includes the opening of sixteen brand new galleries. Housed within, are over 8,000 objects, only 20% of which have been previously seen.

  • Ground floor
  • First floor
  • Second floor
  • Top floor

The Window on the World rises through the four floors of the museum and contains over 800 objects. This includes a gyrocopter from the 1930s, the world’s largest scrimshaw – made from the jaws of a sperm whale which the University of Edinburgh requested for their collection, a number of Buddha figures, spearheads, antique tools, an old gramophone and record, a selection of old local signage, and a girder from the doomed Tay Bridge.

The arrangement of galleries around the Grand Gallery’s “birdcage” structure is organised into themes across multiple floors. The World Cultures Galleries allow visitors to explore the culture of the entire planet; Living Lands explains the ways in which our natural environment influences the way we live our lives, and the beliefs that grow out of the places we live – from the Arctic cold of North America to Australia’s deserts.

The adjacent Patterns of Life gallery shows objects ranging from the everyday, to the unusual from all over the world. The functions different objects serve at different periods in peoples’ lives are explored, and complement the contents of the Living Lands gallery.

Performance & Lives houses musical instruments from around the world, alongside masks and costumes; both rooted in long-established traditions and rituals, this displayed alongside contemporary items showing the interpretation of tradition by contemporary artists and instrument-creators.

The museum proudly bills the Facing the Sea gallery as the only one in the UK which is specifically based on the cultures of the South Pacific. It explores the rich diversity of the communities in the region, how the sea shapes the islanders’ lives – describing how their lives are shaped as much by the sea as the land.

Both the Facing the Sea and Performance & Lives galleries are on the second floor, next to the new exhibition shop and foyer which leads to one of the new exhibition galleries, expected to house the visiting Amazing Mummies exhibit in February, coming from Leiden in the Netherlands.

The Inspired by Nature, Artistic Legacies, and Traditions in Sculpture galleries take up most of the east side of the upper floor of the museum. The latter of these shows the sculptors from diverse cultures have, through history, explored the possibilities in expressing oneself using metal, wood, or stone. The Inspired by Nature gallery shows how many artists, including contemporary ones, draw their influence from the world around us – often commenting on our own human impact on that natural world.

Contrastingly, the Artistic Legacies gallery compares more traditional art and the work of modern artists. The displayed exhibits attempt to show how people, in creating specific art objects, attempt to illustrate the human spirit, the cultures they are familiar with, and the imaginative input of the objects’ creators.

The easternmost side of the museum, adjacent to Edinburgh University’s Old College, will bring back memories for many regular visitors to the museum; but, with an extensive array of new items. The museum’s dedicated taxidermy staff have produced a wide variety of fresh examples from the natural world.

  • 1
  • 2
  • 3
  • 4
  • 5

At ground level, the Animal World and Wildlife Panorama’s most imposing exhibit is probably the lifesize reproduction of a Tyrannosaurus Rex skeleton. This rubs shoulders with other examples from around the world, including one of a pair of elephants. The on-display elephant could not be removed whilst renovation work was underway, and lurked in a corner of the gallery as work went on around it.

Above, in the Animal Senses gallery, are examples of how we experience the world through our senses, and contrasting examples of wildly differing senses, or extremes of such, present in the natural world. This gallery also has giant screens, suspended in the free space, which show footage ranging from the most tranquil and peaceful life in the sea to the tooth-and-claw bloody savagery of nature.

The Survival gallery gives visitors a look into the ever-ongoing nature of evolution; the causes of some species dying out while others thrive, and the ability of any species to adapt as a method of avoiding extinction.

Earth in Space puts our place in the universe in perspective. Housing Europe’s oldest surviving Astrolabe, dating from the eleventh century, this gallery gives an opportunity to see the technology invented to allow us to look into the big questions about what lies beyond Earth, and probe the origins of the universe and life.

In contrast, the Restless Earth gallery shows examples of the rocks and minerals formed through geological processes here on earth. The continual processes of the planet are explored alongside their impact on human life. An impressive collection of geological specimens are complemented with educational multimedia presentations.

Beyond working on new galleries, and the main redevelopment, the transformation team have revamped galleries that will be familiar to regular past visitors to the museum.

Formerly known as the Ivy Wu Gallery of East Asian Art, the Looking East gallery showcases National Museums Scotland’s extensive collection of Korean, Chinese, and Japanese material. The gallery’s creation was originally sponsored by Sir Gordon Wu, and named after his wife Ivy. It contains items from the last dynasty, the Manchu, and examples of traditional ceramic work. Japan is represented through artefacts from ordinary people’s lives, expositions on the role of the Samurai, and early trade with the West. Korean objects also show the country’s ceramic work, clothing, and traditional accessories used, and worn, by the indigenous people.

The Ancient Egypt gallery has always been a favourite of visitors to the museum. A great many of the exhibits in this space were returned to Scotland from late 19th century excavations; and, are arranged to take visitors through the rituals, and objects associated with, life, death, and the afterlife, as viewed from an Egyptian perspective.

The Art and Industry and European Styles galleries, respectively, show how designs are arrived at and turned into manufactured objects, and the evolution of European style – financed and sponsored by a wide range of artists and patrons. A large number of the objects on display, often purchased or commissioned, by Scots, are now on display for the first time ever.

Shaping our World encourages visitors to take a fresh look at technological objects developed over the last 200 years, many of which are so integrated into our lives that they are taken for granted. Radio, transportation, and modern medicines are covered, with a retrospective on the people who developed many of the items we rely on daily.

What was known as the Museum of Scotland, a modern addition to the classical Victorian-era museum, is now known as the Scottish Galleries following the renovation of the main building.

This dedicated newer wing to the now-integrated National Museum of Scotland covers the history of Scotland from a time before there were people living in the country. The geological timescale is covered in the Beginnings gallery, showing continents arranging themselves into what people today see as familiar outlines on modern-day maps.

Just next door, the history of the earliest occupants of Scotland are on display; hunters and gatherers from around 4,000 B.C give way to farmers in the Early People exhibits.

The Kingdom of the Scots follows Scotland becoming a recognisable nation, and a kingdom ruled over by the Stewart dynasty. Moving closer to modern-times, the Scotland Transformed gallery looks at the country’s history post-union in 1707.

Industry and Empire showcases Scotland’s significant place in the world as a source of heavy engineering work in the form of rail engineering and shipbuilding – key components in the building of the British Empire. Naturally, whisky was another globally-recognised export introduced to the world during empire-building.

Lastly, Scotland: A Changing Nation collects less-tangible items, including personal accounts, from the country’s journey through the 20th century; the social history of Scots, and progress towards being a multicultural nation, is explored through heavy use of multimedia exhibits.

Category: Uncategorized  | Leave a Comment
Monday, September 12th, 2016 | Author:

Monday, June 21, 2010

Sweden’s first royal wedding since 1976 took place Saturday when Crown Princess Victoria, 32, married her long-time boyfriend and former personal trainer, Daniel Westling, 36. The ceremony took place at Stockholm Cathedral.

Over 1,200 guests, including many rulers, politicians, royals and other dignitaries from across the world, attended the wedding, which cost an estimated 20 million Swedish kronor. Victoria wore a wedding dress with five-metre long train designed by Pär Engsheden. She wore the same crown that her mother, Queen Silvia, wore on her wedding day 34 years previously, also on June 19. Victoria’s father, King Carl XVI Gustaf, walked Victoria down the aisle, which was deemed untraditional by many. In Sweden, the bride and groom usually walk down the aisle together, emphasising the country’s views on equality. Victoria met with Daniel half-way to the altar, where they exchanged brief kisses, and, to the sounds of the wedding march, made their way to the the silver altar. She was followed by ten bridesmaids. The couple both had tears in their eyes as they said their vows, and apart from fumbling when they exchanged rings, the ceremony went smoothly.

Following the ceremony, the couple headed a fast-paced procession through central Stockholm on a horse-drawn carriage, flanked by police and security. Up to 500,000 people are thought to have lined the streets. They then boarded the Vasaorden, the same royal barge Victoria’s parents used in their wedding, and traveled through Stockholm’s waters, accompanied by flyover of 18 fighter jets near the end of the procession. A wedding banquet followed in the in the Hall of State of the Royal Palace.

Controversy has surrounded the engagement and wedding between the Crown Princess and Westling, a “commoner”. Victoria met Westling as she was recovering from bulemia in 2002. He owned a chain of gymnasiums and was brought in to help bring Victoria back to full health. Westling was raised in a middle-class family in Ockelbo, in central Sweden. His father managed a social services centre, and his mother worked in a post office. When the relationship was made public, Westling was mocked as an outsider and the king was reportedly horrified at the thought of his daughter marrying a “commoner”, even though he did so when he married Silvia. Last year, Westling underwent transplant surgery for a congenital kidney disorder. The Swedish public have been assured that he will be able to have children and that his illness will not be passed on to his offspring.

Westling underwent years of training to prepare for his new role in the royal family, including lessons in etiquette, elocution, and multi-lingual small talk; and a makeover that saw his hair being cropped short, and his plain-looking glasses and clothes being replaced by designer-wear.

Upon marrying the Crown Princess, Westling took his wife’s ducal title and is granted the style “His Royal Highness”. He is now known as HRH Prince Daniel, Duke of Västergötland. He also has his own coat-of-arms and monogram. When Victoria assumes the throne and becomes Queen, Daniel will not become King, but assume a supportive role, similar to that of Prince Phillip, the husband of the United Kingdom’s Queen Elizabeth II.

Category: Uncategorized  | Leave a Comment
Thursday, September 08th, 2016 | Author:

Things to remember when you shop for diamond nose pin or buy bracelets online



It is very common to see young girls of all ages with a nose pin in India. Tied to our culture, nose pins and studs have today become fashion accessories and therefore, more and more women choose to buy diamond nose pin that brings a sparkle in their eyes and accentuates their face in a very traditional way. Some even say that a nose pin can add a sense of character to the face, highlighting the best features and downplaying the not so good ones. Similarly, when we talk of bracelets, they can complete any outfit and even accessorize a very simple outfit to look great or unique. While you can buy gold bracelets online for both men and women, making the right selection is important.

When buying a diamond nose pin:

YouTube Preview Image

A diamond nose pin will look great on almost all face cuts. However, what matters here is the size of the stud or the stone used and its shape. These factors can make a huge impact and therefore when you buy diamond nose pin; keep in mind not only the size of your nose but the size of the face itself. Those with a small face and a sharp nose should choose small diamond nose pin. However, the nose pin should ideally be round and flat; not something that juts out in profile. Women with a round, medium size face need to choose a mid size stone. The stone should be in proportion to the face; otherwise it can either look too overwhelming or be completely lost. However, it can be a good idea to buy diamond nose pin with a square or triangular stone rather than a flat round stone. Those with a long narrow face can buy a diamond nose pin that is slightly bigger and shows prominently on their face. A design that isn t absolutely flat and protrudes out a little will be a good choice with such a face cut. Older women lo

ok very beautiful with Indian gold nose pin; especially those available in very pretty designs. One important thing to remember is the comfort, as design alone doesn t make a diamond nose pin right for you. Wear it and see; the back screw shouldn t hurt the inside of your nose but should rather be comfortable even when you take deep breaths.

When buying online bracelets:

You can find diamond and gold bracelets online in spectacular designs and can even find buy mens bracelets online. However, the most important consideration is the size of the wrist. Remember that when you buy diamond bracelets, you are buying something that will go with all kinds of outfits both western and ethnic and hence the design should be something versatile and contemporary, as well as easy to maintain and durable. For a slender wrist, buy gold bracelet that is 2 inch thick as this will accentuate the wrist. Women with a feminine wrist can wear slender diamond bracelets or even simple gold designs. When you buy bracelets online, make sure that you check carefully the clasp, as this is the deciding factor on how well the bracelet will be supported. Those with a flimsy clasp should be avoided as these are rarely durable.


diamond nose pin

can be a striking way to accent your face. Similarly, if you

buy diamond bracelets

, they can accentuate your sleek wrist and add a touch of personal style.

Article Source:


Category: Jewelry  | Leave a Comment
Thursday, October 22nd, 2015 | Author:

By Darlington Chigozie

Many a time, I see many newbie online investors empty their bank account into online investment programs they know little or nothing about its reliability and continuity and before long, they’ve burnt their fingers. Each time I witness this incident, it is something that really makes me very sad and empathic. So after witnessing and hearing of many of this victimizing incident for some time, it dawned on me to offer some help in my own little way by writing out some of the features online investors should look out for in a reliable online investment program before they start investing their money into them: in other to help almeliorate this pathetic situation.

Find Out If It Has An Offline Version

To know if an online investment program is reliable or not make out time to find out if the online investment program has an offline version. If you check and you see that there is an offline version, take a further step to find out if it is not a gambling program, if after your researches, you find out that it is not a gambling program then you know that its online version will be reliable; this is so as investment programs, online and offline are the same. Many people think the internet is a kind of Disney land where money is digitally processed- so even the riskiest of online investment programs they empty their bank account into them in other to get an overnight turnover.

YouTube Preview Image

The Percentage Of Interest

By the percentage of interest, I mean the percentage the investment firm promises to pay you within a given period of time. Yes the percentage is what you really have to critically scrutinize to see if it is normal and realizable and can stand the test of time. If you find out that the promised percentage is on the outrageously high side, then dont invest in it; because if the percentage is very much on the high side, it means either it is a gamble where you are likely to loose your money within a twinkle of an eye or it is a scam program established to trap people’s money by offering outrageous percentage of interest.

The Programs Pedigree

Before you choose an online investment program to invest into, find out its pedigree. By this I mean find out how many people that are doing the business and how many percentage of them are actually making good profit from it. If after your research, you find out that its only a tiny percentage of the total people involved in it that are actually making substantial profit from the program, know that the program is not reliable and consequently you shouldnt invest in it.

And another thing, find out how long the program has been on. If the program has stood the test of time, then the program is reliable and worth sticking out your neck on with some percentage of your money.

About the Author: Darlington Ohaeri is an online investment consultant.He offers advice on online investment programs.Presently he is one of the most successful online gold trader on the net. To learn how you can be making obscene profit on monthly basis trading live gold online, visit his website

Visit Putcash!



Permanent Link:


Category: Uncategorized  | Leave a Comment
Thursday, October 22nd, 2015 | Author:

Used Auto Parts : The Past Few Years Funds Savers


Sania Sinha

Within our occasions right now, economic crisis devours virtually every land assuring. Therefore, the need for a convenient living especially in relation to take a trip can be a requirement to each and every person. By that issue, most people eager’s to obtain a car. Plenty of car entrepreneurs connected throughout online store has several number of automobiles along with auto parts. But also, junkyards as well as car stores in the area can be existing. It depends for you to a person which in order to like about purchasing this kind of car body parts. This can be strategies for purchasers who want to purchase a fair car parts along with equipment that suits on the budget.

Well-choose car limbs are the most critical factor in relation to car customizing even when it\\’s already utilized car component. More than likely since, the actual car parts of the body is definitely an vision catcher and head-turner to any or all fans around. Yet, of course, no one really wants to stay entire morning browsing by means of employed body parts and turn into fried along with grubby. That’s precisely why online car stores/shops discover their strategy to the marketplace. It is really an fantastic way to acquire utilized auto/car or even pickup parts of the body and equipment, which is dealing with the records associated with websites that appeal to virtually all car models along with manufacturers ahead of acquiring. Nonetheless, consumers must be aware which a few difficulties might occur on the way when purchasing from online shops. For example:

YouTube Preview Image

–\tWhen buying on the internet, your being compatible in the used car parts online

will be the main dilemma because photographs on the internet is significantly less constantly as trustworthy.

–\tPurchasing on the web means that used car parts can\\’t be screened actually consequently deciding the characteristics and gratification is tough.

\tThe car manufacturers developed a fresh car part of the body depends on the particular demand of the car consumers. That’s precisely why the actual junkyard and the car industry tend to be rapidly growing. There’s plenty of positive aspects, among which is you will get assurance and also good quality in regards to the used truck parts in the traders. They gave you a manufacturer\\’s warranty through the parts of the body that you simply purchase. By purchasing second-hand car parts by way of junkyards, you can search and also protected the various by hand. Doing so will provide you with the chance confirm if your used auto parts you are planning to buy go a long way?

To conclude, when you are planning to acquire used auto parts

it is vital to check on and look at the product quality and peace of mind with the car limbs. It\\’s preferable to purchase the car parts through private traders. By doing this, you could capable of getting discounted and dependable materials that you might want to purchase. To generate a great determination you must look for advice with an seasoned automotive technician in order to pick second-hand car, vehicle or used truck parts that are agreeable for a car product. Alternatively, you are able to still obtain about the authentic auto parts via visiting car store such as Toyota, Toyota, Mitsubishi, as well as Hyundai when it matches for a budget.

Author, Sania Sinha, Jr. specializes in writing used engines, used car parts,

used auto parts online


used auto parts locator

& used car parts locator Subjects.

Article Source:


Category: Uncategorized  | Leave a Comment